Creep and Fatigue Performance of Polymer Modified and Fibre Reinforced Bituminous Mixtures.

Napiah, Madzlan and Kamaruddin, Ibrahim (2003) Creep and Fatigue Performance of Polymer Modified and Fibre Reinforced Bituminous Mixtures. In: 21st ARRB/11th REAAA Conference, Australia.

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The two principal modes of structural distress that occur in highway and road pavements as a
result of traffic loading are deformation or rutting and cracking. Creep or deformation is caused
by the deformation within the depth of the pavement. The accumulation of the permanent
deformation within the road structure will cause rutting. Excessive rutting will normally lead to
cracking, while the penetration of water and fines can result in the rapid damage of the
pavement structure. Cracking in bituminous mixture, on the other hand is a fatigue phenomenon
that depends upon the tensile strains induced in the material.
This study involves some laboratory work on the deformation and fatigue characteristics of Hot-
Rolled Asphalt (HRA) mixtures modified with polymer additives and fibres. The additives used
were SBS and EVA whilst synthetic fibres used were polypropylene and polyester.
The results of the study showed that mixtures containing polymer-modified binder gave a lower
estimated rut depth compared to the conventional mixtures, indicating the superiority of these
mixtures in creep. This was mainly due to the higher stiffness of the binder as being a major
factor for such behaviour. This study also indicated that the higher porosity of the fibreincorporated
mixes reduced the stiffness of the mixtures, thus reducing their resistance to long
term deformation. However, should fibres be used for their superior fatigue behaviour, the creep
tests showed that they should be incorporated at low concentrations to avoid problems relating
to deformation. This seems to be the controlling parameter for the concentration of fibres when
used in HRA mixtures.
This study also showed that the incorporation of both polymer additives and synthetic fibres in
bituminous mixtures have the potential of improving the fatigue performance of bituminous
mixtures. Fatigue testing confirmed the strain capacity of these mixtures. In the case of the
fibre-modified mixtures, this may be due to their higher bitumen content and thicker bitumen
film coating the aggregates. The air void content of the fibre-reinforced mixtures were however
greater than the normal mixtures. This is significant in that the fatigue performance would
usually suffer when the air void is increased. The test results indicated that the fibre mixtures
provided about the same fatigue performance as the control mixtures at low strain levels but at
high strain levels, the fibre mixtures provided superior fatigue characteristics indicative that the
fibre reinforced mixtures appear to be most beneficial at high strain levels.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Departments / MOR / COE: Departments > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Dr Madzlan Napiah
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2011 07:04
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 01:57

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