Photodegradation of Orange II under visible light using Cu–Ni/TiO2: Effect of calcination temperature

Riaz, Nadia and Chong, Fai Kait and Dutta, Binay K. and Man, Zakaria and Khan, Saqib and Nurlaela, Ela (2012) Photodegradation of Orange II under visible light using Cu–Ni/TiO2: Effect of calcination temperature. [Citation Index Journal]

[thumbnail of Chemical Engineering Journal vol. 185-186,p 108-119.pdf]
Chemical Engineering Journal vol. 185-186,p 108-119.pdf

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The decolorization of Orange II was studied under visible light using bimetallic Cu–Ni/TiO2 prepared
via precipitation method. Photocatalysts with different Cu:Ni mass compositions were prepared and the
effect of calcination temperatures on the Orange II removal was investigated. The raw photocatalysts
were activated by calcination at three different temperatures (180 ◦C, 200 ◦C and 300 ◦C) for 1 h duration.
Photocatalysts were characterized using thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier-transformed infrared
spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction and field-emission scanning electron microscopy, high resolution
transmission electron microscopy, diffuse reflectance UV–Vis spectroscopy, temperature programed
reduction studies and surface area analysis employing Brunauer–Emmet–Teller method. The photocatalytic
degradation of Orange II was performed under the irradiation of visible light (500 W halogen lamp)
at pH 6.8. The extent of Orange II degradation with initial concentration of 50 ppm was monitored using
UV–Vis spectroscopy and at the end of the reaction, total organic carbon analysis (TOC) was conducted.
Results from UV–Vis spectroscopy showed that high percentage of Orange II removal was achieved for
Cu–Ni/TiO2 photocatalysts calcined at 180 ◦C and 200 ◦C compared to 300 ◦C. In addition, these photocatalysts
also displayed lower TOC values as compared to the photocatalyst calcined at 300 ◦C. The best
performing Cu–Ni/TiO2 photocatalyst has 9:1 Cu:Ni mass composition and calcined at 180 ◦C giving 100%
Orange II removal with 16.1 ppm TOC value. Although the results from UV–Vis spectroscopy showed
100% Orange II removal, TOC analysis indicated the presence of organic compounds derived from the dye
degradation process.

Item Type: Citation Index Journal
Impact Factor: 3.461
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Departments / MOR / COE: Research Institutes > Institute for Autonomous Systems
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fai Kait Chong
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 00:08
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 01:59

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