Mitigating False Blocking Problem in Wireless Sensor Networks

Chong, Wai Kheong and Drieberg , Micheal and Jeoti , Varun (2012) Mitigating False Blocking Problem in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: 4th International Conference on Intelligent & Advanced Systems (ICIAS2012).

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The hidden terminal problem in wireless sensor network(WSN) is one of the main causes of collisions. Even though RTS/CTS handshaking has been implemented in the CSMA/CA standard to alleviate the problem, but it does not solve the collisions completely. Moreover, it induces an issue called false blocking problem. Unawareness of the busy status of the hidden receiver, adjacent nodes which can be the potential senders will keep transmitting RTS packets to obtain a response but in vain. These RTS retransmission will also cause other nodes which overhear the RTS packets blindly defer, causing them to be falsely blocked. The false blocking problem can exhaust scarce energy and degrade the network performance especially in a large distributed sensor network with heavy traffic condition. In this paper, we propose and evaluate a scheme that combines both the Block Notification (BN) and Ready-to-Send (RS). The BN is used to notify the deferred state to adjacent nodes in order to avoid unnecessary backoff and RTS retransmissions. The RS, on the other hand, is used to validate the RTS packets received and in case the BN packets are not received, the node can verify the RTS packets before going to deferred state too. Simulation results have shown that the proposed scheme can overcome the false blocking problem by reducing both the number of unnecessary RTS retransmissions and energy consumed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments / MOR / COE: Departments > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Research Institutes > Megacities
Depositing User: Micheal Drieberg
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2012 11:39
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2014 18:51

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