Method of Processing Oil Palm Frond into Biomass Fuel for Downdraft Gasification

Moni, M. N. Z. and Sulaiman, S. A. (2012) Method of Processing Oil Palm Frond into Biomass Fuel for Downdraft Gasification. In: 3rd International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, 12-14 June 2012, Kuala Lumpur.

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A recent study in the downdraft gasification of oil palm fronds (OPF) in Malaysia showed that it has
a high potential as a biomass fuel mainly due to its abundance and relatively good fuel properties. However, the
method of processing OPF into quality fuel has yet to be studied and established. Green and brown OPF were
studied for their potentials as biomass fuel and their properties as fuel were investigated. It was found that only
green OPF was suitable to be processed into fuel due to its uniformed tissue integrity and physical strength. The
selection, sizing, drying and storing process of OPF fuels were also investigated, showing potent results where,
in order to qualify as a quality fuel for gasification, green OPF must be in the size of 2.5-5.0 cm cubic blocks or
2.5-5.0 cm long and 0.25-0.50 cm thick chips with moisture content of 10-20%. The storage area must be dry
and free from humidity in order to keep the equilibrium moisture content of OPF fuel to lower than 15% for instorage
drying and to control its hygroscopic activity.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments / MOR / COE: Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Research Institutes > Energy
Depositing User: Dr Ir Shaharin A Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2012 07:05
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 01:59

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