Combustion Performance of Various Cellulosic Biomasses in a Gasifier-Based Cookstove

Sulaiman, S. A. and Romli, R. (2011) Combustion Performance of Various Cellulosic Biomasses in a Gasifier-Based Cookstove. In: 4th International Meeting on Advances in Thermofluids (IMAT), Melaka.

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Depletion in fossil fuel and increase in the world population may change the trend in future kitchens in households. Cooking with LPG fuel may one day become impossible and households would have to consider alternatives such as electric stoves. One other solution to this problem is through the use of biomass cook stoves. However, traditional cook stoves, predominantly used in the households, are not efficient and its utilizations for domestic cooking have been a major contributor to the ill effects related in respiratory and other health problem. Improved cook stoves programs implemented in the developing world attempt to address these problems. Biomass gasification appears to have significant potential in Asia for domestic cooking applications. Gasifier-based cook stoves are fuel efficient in comparison to traditional cook stove. The objective of this paper is to study the performance of various type of cellulosic biomasses in a gasifier-based cook stove. The biomasses considered in this study are oil palm fronds, dried leaves, wood sticks, coconut shells, bagasse, charcoal, and saw dust. The samples are analyzed in order to study their chemical properties. The thermo-chemical properties of the biomass were characterized. The performance of the each of the samples is studied by observing the time taken to boil water. It is found that oil palm fronds are the best type of biomass for the gasifer cook stove. It is also concluded that the higher the carbon content and the calorific value in a biomass, the lesser the time taken to boil the water.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments / MOR / COE: Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Research Institutes > Energy
Depositing User: Dr Ir Shaharin A Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2011 00:31
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 08:22

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