The Development of Active Vortex Generators from Shape Memory Alloys for the Convective Cooling of Heated Surfaces

Aris, M.S. and Owen, I and Sutcliffe, C.J. (2011) The Development of Active Vortex Generators from Shape Memory Alloys for the Convective Cooling of Heated Surfaces. [Citation Index Journal]

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A study of the convective heat transfer enhancement of heated surfaces through the use of active delta wing vortex generators is reported in this paper. The surface-mounted vortex generators (VGs) change their shape to intrude further into the flow at high temperatures to enhance heat transfer, while maintaining a low profile at low temperatures to minimise flow pressure losses. The VGs are made from shape memory alloys and manufactured in a selective laser melting process. Experiments have been carried out in a rectangular duct supplied with laminar air flow. In the test section, a single, and a pair of active delta wing VGs were placed near the leading edge of a heated plate and tested separately for their heat transfer enhancement effects using Infrared Thermography. The pressure difference across the test section was also measured to determine the pressure drop penalty associated with the obstruction caused by the vortex generators in their active positions. Promising shape memory response was obtained from the active VG samples when their surface temperatures were varied from 20o to 65oC. The vortex generators responded by increasing their angles of attack from 10o to 38o and as the designs were two-way trained, they regained their initial position and shape at a lower temperature. At their activated positions, maximum heat transfer improvements of up to 90 % and 80 % were achieved by the single and double wings respectively along the downstream direction. The flow pressure losses across the test section, when the wings were activated, increased between 7% and 63% of the losses at their de-activated positions, for the single and double VG respectively.

Item Type: Citation Index Journal
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments / MOR / COE: Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Shiraz Aris
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2011 13:14
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 08:22

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