Preparation and Chracteristion of Graphite Doped Tin Oxide Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Battery

Hasanaly, Siti Munirah and Bustam, Mohamad Azmi (2006) Preparation and Chracteristion of Graphite Doped Tin Oxide Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Battery. Malaysian Journal of Microscopy, 3. pp. 125-132. ISSN 1823-7010

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A citric acid assisted sol gel method has been used to prepare a composite of tin oxide doped with 10% and 20% graphite. The structure, morphology and the electrochemical properties of the composite powders were investigated. The x-ray diffraction(XRD) pattern showed crystalline tetragonal structure and presence of nanoparticles were detected from field-mission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The active anodes prepared using a mixture of composite powder and a conductive binder(teflonized acetylene black) were cycled electrochemically versus lithium. The initial reversible capacity obtained for both composite powders; Sn0.9C0.1O2 and Sn0.8C0.2O2 were around 200mAh/g. However, the capacity fades significantly upon further cycling. Ex-situ microscopic method using FE-SEM revealed that repeated charge-discharge cycling of this anode within the range of 0.5-2.0V was found to have a significant influence on the morphology of the anode material. The morphological changes were due to the effects of volume change that occurs during the insertion and extraction of lithium-ion during repeated cycling of this anode.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Departments / MOR / COE: Departments > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Dr Mohamad Azmi Bustam @ Khalil
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2010 04:14
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2012 04:08

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