Che Ismail, Mokhtar and Fatah, Martin Choirul (2009) EFFECT OF LOW CONCENTRATION ACETIC ACID ON CO2 CORROSION IN TURBULENT FLOW CONDITIONS. [Citation Index Journal]

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CO2 corrosion is the main cause of failure in the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Interactions between
some corrosive species, such as acetic acid (HAc), and operating conditions such as flow, could influence the CO2
corrosion mechanism and kinetics. The objective of this research was to study the mechanism and kinetics of CO2
corrosion in the presence of a low concentration of acetic acid in turbulent flow conditions at fixed pH and various
temperatures. The electrochemical studies were based on linear polarization resistance (LPR) and potentiodynamic
polarization. A Rotating Cylinder Electrode (RCE) apparatus was used to simulate turbulent conditions by
correlating shear stress to represent pipe-flow condition. Based on the LPR results, CO2 corrosion rate was not
significantly influenced by the presence of HAc below 40 ppm. An appreciable increase in corrosion rate up to 68%
was only observed for HAc concentration of more than 40 ppm. HAc increases corrosion rate by increasing cathodic
reaction through the direct reduction and dissociation reactions. It was also observed that corrosion rate increases
with increasing temperature. This is due to the acceleration of anodic and cathodic reactions when temperature
increases and the availability of more HAc species at higher temperature. Furthermore, an increase in the corrosion
rate due to an increase in the rotational velocity was recorded in this study until 2000 rpm. Beyond this, not much
effect of rotational velocity was observed. Flow effect is related to the transport of species towards and away from
metal surfaces. Potentiodynamic polarization sweeps showed that the cathodic reaction slightly increases with the
presence of a low concentration of HAc. There was no change in the mechanism of anodic reaction.

Item Type: Citation Index Journal
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments / MOR / COE: Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Mokhtar Che Ismail
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2010 07:22
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 02:00
URI: http://scholars.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/1763

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